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Commonly Abused Barbiturates

Commonly Abused Barbiturates

Barbiturates can quickly become addictive after abusing them chronically. A medically-supervised detox is required to avoid potentially lethal withdrawal symptoms.

Some of the most commonly abused barbiturates include:

  • amobarbital sodium (Amytal)
  • pentobarbital sodium (Nembutal)
  • secobarbital sodium (Seconal)
  • phenobarbital (Luminal)

Amytal, Nembutal, and Seconal are all short-acting barbiturates, which are primarily used to treat people who suffer from insomnia, and seizure disorders like epilepsy. These three depressants can also be used in hospital settings as a preoperative sedative.

Luminal is a long-acting barbiturate, sometimes used in medically-supervised detox to help wean addicted individuals off other stronger, barbiturates. It is also used to treat seizures, in some parts of the world, and anxiety.

What Are Barbiturates?

Barbiturates are central nervous system depressants that work by slowing down the interaction between the brain and the rest of the body. This type of drug can cause drowsiness and relaxation, and has is very difficult to prescribe at the correct dosage.

Tolerance to barbiturates develops quickly, increasing the risk of addiction. Tolerance to the mood changing effects of barbiturates happens fast, with chronic use. However, tolerance to the lethal effects develops more slowly, increasing the risk of severe poisoning the longer the drug is used.

Barbiturates can quickly become addictive after abusing them chronically. A medically-supervised detox is required to avoid potentially lethal withdrawal symptoms.

Some of the most commonly abused barbiturates include:

  • amobarbital sodium (Amytal)
  • pentobarbital sodium (Nembutal)
  • secobarbital sodium (Seconal)
  • phenobarbital (Luminal)

Amytal, Nembutal, and Seconal are all short-acting barbiturates, which are primarily used to treat people who suffer from insomnia, and seizure disorders like epilepsy. These three depressants can also be used in hospital settings as a preoperative sedative.

Luminal is a long-acting barbiturate, sometimes used in medically-supervised detox to help wean addicted individuals off other stronger, barbiturates. It is also used to treat seizures, in some parts of the world, and anxiety.

What Are Barbiturates?

Barbiturates are central nervous system depressants that work by slowing down the interaction between the brain and the rest of the body. This type of drug can cause drowsiness and relaxation, and has is very difficult to prescribe at the correct dosage.

Tolerance to barbiturates develops quickly, increasing the risk of addiction. Tolerance to the mood changing effects of barbiturates happens fast, with chronic use. However, tolerance to the lethal effects develops more slowly, increasing the risk of severe poisoning the longer the drug is used.

Signs Of Barbiturate Abuse

Some common signs of barbiturate abuse include:

  • sedation and drowsiness
  • reduced anxiety
  • feelings of well-being
  • lowered inhibitions and impaired judgement
  • slurred speech
  • poor concentration
  • confusion and dizziness
  • impaired coordination and memory
  • slowed pulse
  • lowered blood pressure
  • slowed breathing

Barbiturates can also cause euphoria, unusual excitement, fever, and irritability in some. Often someone abusing barbiturates will exhibits signs similar to alcohol intoxication.

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